lee's classroom

(another MPPS global2.vic.edu.au weblog)

May 14, 2018
by leesclassroom
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Forces: Gravity

The force that pulls things to the ground on Earth (and other planets) is called gravity.

Gravity also holds Earth and the other planets in their orbits around the Sun.

Gravity is a very useful force – It keeps us on the Earth, and keeps the Earth and the other planets revolving around the Sun. It holds everything together, which is why it has been called  ‘The Universal Glue’.

Although the force of gravity also exists on the Moon  it is not as strong as it is here on Earth. This is because the Moon is much smaller than the Earth it is not as heavy as the Earth, and so gravity is much weaker there.

In the past people thought that heavier things fell faster than light things. Galileo, an Italian scientist from the 1600’s, conducted some experiments and found that things with different weight fell at approximately the same speed.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Below are the videos we looked at in class:

Defining Gravity: Crash Course Kids #4.1 

Down to Earth: Crash Course Kids #4.2 

The Spinning Ball experiment

 

Another resource is:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/science/edexcel_pre_2011/space/gravityforceandweightrev3.shtml (just this page) 

 

Some extension links:

Danger! Falling Objects: Crash Course Kids #32.1

Over (to) The Moon: Crash Course Kids #13.2

May 9, 2018
by leesclassroom
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Forces: Friction

Friction is a force between two surfaces when they are moving or sliding across each other. For example, when you try to push your hand across a table. Friction will make this difficult.

Friction works in the opposite direction to which the object is moving. Friction always slows a moving object down, and may even stop an object from moving.

The amount of friction depends the two surfaces.. The rougher the surface, the more friction, the smoother the surface, less friction.

Friction also produces heat. If you rub your hands together quickly, can you feel them get warmer?

The ways friction can help include:

  • preventing our shoes from slipping on the footpath when we walk
  • stopping car tyres from skidding on the road
  • allowing bicycle brakes to grip and slow or stop a turning wheel

Sometimes we want to reduce friction. For example, we use oil to reduce the friction between the moving parts inside a car engine. The oil holds the surfaces apart and can flow between them. The reduced friction means there is less wear on the car’s moving parts and less heat produced.

Ice causes very little friction, which is why it is easy to slip over on an icy day.

However, this is a good thing for ice skating and sledging.

 

 

 

Below are the videos we looked at in class:

Friction is a Force

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n2gQs1mcZHA

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ybpFEB6Mt88

Floating Rice Bottle — How to Float Rice in a Bottle Science Experiment !!

 

Another resource is:

http://www.bbc.co.uk/bitesize/ks2/science/physical_processes/friction/read/1/

 

April 30, 2018
by leesclassroom
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Forces: Movement, Direction and Shape

What makes our bikes go? what makes them stop when we brake? Why do apples fall from trees?

After our experiments today watch this video and read through the following information.

 

You have probably heard the word “force” before. Here are a few examples: “the rocket had a lot of force at blast off” or “the force of the storm blew the roof off the building.” What is force? Force is defined as a push or pull on an object.

 

When your foot pushes against the pedal of your bike the push makes the wheels of the bike move. When an apple falls from a tree, it is pulled to the ground by gravity.

Forces affect how objects move. They may cause motion; they may also slow, stop, or change the direction of motion of an object that is already moving.

Force can change a number of things about an object. They include:

  • direction
  • speed
  • both direction and speed
  • shape

Some examples of force changing the direction of an object.

  • A good soccer player can control the motion of a soccer ball by applying a force that changes the ball’s direction but not its speed.
  • Swinging a ball on a string around your head.

Some examples of force changing the direction and speed of an object.

  • A tennis player returning a very fast serve.
  • Starting on a swing.

Some examples of force changing the shape of an object.

  • A hammer beating a piece of metal.
  • A trampoline as someone jumps on it.

 

April 19, 2018
by leesclassroom
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Planning a Persuasive Text

Today will beginning planning a persuasive text. We will be taking several lessons to develop our text, starting with the plan.

Using the topic ”MPPS Should have a swimming pool’, choose either for or against and plan a piece of writing.

Grade 3s will use the planning sheet handed in class while the 4s will use this online persuasion map:

http://www.readwritethink.org/files/resources/interactives/persuasion_map/

You will need  to use the Microsoft Edge browser.

April 17, 2018
by leesclassroom
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Persuasive Writing: What Is It?

This week we began a series of lessons on writing and reading a persuasive text.

We have looked at the difference between a fact and an opinion. We have also discussed that opinions are the starting point of a strong persuasive text. Without an opinion there is no reason to persuade an audience.

Remember the stronger, and clearer, you state your opinion the stronger your text will become.

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